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英語音標課件ppt

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這是英語音標課件ppt下載,主要介紹了拼讀法記憶單詞;提高自主學習性,增加詞匯量;整體語感提高,歡迎點擊下載。

1,學習英語首先是掌握英語音標,記錄英語音素的符號叫作音標。音標通常放在兩條斜線(//)內. 2,英語語言在其發展的歷史進程中產生了繁多的音標種類。而我們要學習的,同時也是教科書中所采用的最新“國際音標” 。 3,最新“國際音標”共有48個音素,由發音時氣流是否受阻可分輔音和元音兩大類。在發音過程中由氣流通過口腔或鼻腔不受阻礙而發出的音叫元音;在發音過程中由氣流通過口腔或鼻腔受阻礙而發出的音叫輔音. 4,英語輔音和元音在英語語言中的作用,就相當于漢語中的聲母和韻母。第二節 發音器官要想掌握好英語音標,我們要了解發音器官和發音部位,并學會運用舌,唇,軟顎,硬顎等位置和形狀的變化正確發出各種不同的音。為了更好的理解 各小結的發音要領描述,從而以正確的方式調動所需的發音器官,我們必須仔細學習下面的發音器官圖。 發音器官圖及說明第三節 元音分類最新“國際音標”中元音音素共有20個,分為單元音和雙元音兩種。單元音即為發音時,舌位、唇形、開口度等始終不變的元音。雙元音是由兩個單元音組成,發音時由一個元音向另一個元音滑動,口型有變化的元音。根據元音發音時舌位(即舌的最高點的前后位置)變化可以把單元音分為前元音,中元音,后元音。舌位在口腔前部的時候發出的元音叫做前元音。舌位在口腔中部的時候發出的元音叫做中元音。舌位在口腔后部的時候發出的元音叫做后元音。第四節 輔音分類最新“國際音標”中輔音音素共有28個. 按發音時是否振動聲帶可分為濁輔音和清輔音兩大類。英語輔音中有許多音素是清輔成對的,即發音時,兩個音素的發音器官位置相同,只有聲帶振動與否的區別。單元音 第二單元 第一節前元音 1,/i:/ 例詞:be meat sleep believe weak 發音要領:發音時,,嘴角向兩邊張開,口型扁平,舌尖輕抵下齒,前舌部向上顎抬起,流露出微笑表情,發音時間持續較長。 2./i/ 例詞 big , fifty, city 發音要領:發音時舌尖抵下齒,嘴唇微微張開,舌前部抬高,口型扁平,發音時間短促。 3./e/ 例詞:fed best fresh Wedding 發音要領:發音時,張口程度比/i/大,上下齒之間可容納一個食指尖,舌尖抵下齒,舌前部稍抬起。 4./ æ / 例詞:at have flat stand Saturday 發音要領:發音時,舌尖抵下齒,嘴角盡量拉向兩邊,上下齒容納兩個指尖發音練習: A:Beef or chicken? B:Let me see. Chicken for me , please. A: Tea or coffee? B:Tea for Lee and coffee for me, please. A:I’m pleased to meet you. A:Is it chicken? B:No, it’s cheese A: Is it ready to eat? B: Yes, you needn’t heat it before you eat. 1. Jim gives Lily a big kiss 2.His little sister is sitting in the middle 3.It is still winter not spring yet. Chant: Two little kittens are sitting on the hill, one is Bill, one is Jill. Run away Bill, run away Jill. Come back Bill, come back Jill. Dialogue A:Who is this fellow? B:He is Ted A:Who is Ted? B:He’s my best pen-friend. A:How did you get to know him? B: You make a guess before I tell you. A: Hi! How’s your back? B: It’s getting btter, thanks A:Well, I’m glad to hear that. A:What’s the matter, Mary? B:I had a bad day yesterday. A:What happened? B: I went shopping and lost my bag. A:I heard you got a pet, didn’t you? B:Yes, I got a cat from Ann A:What does it look like? B:Oh, it’s black and white 第二節后元音 5,/a:/ 例詞:art fast march party father 發音要領:發音時,舌身放低,后縮,舌后部攏起:口型張大,全開:聲帶振動,發音延續較長。 6. / כ:/ 例詞:saw born course talk morning 發音要領:發音時,舌身盡量降低并收縮,舌后部抬起;雙唇收圓收小,并稍向前突,發音延續較長。 7,/ כ / 例詞:hot boss lost doctor want 發音要領:發音時,舌身盡量降低,并后縮,舌后部抬起:口型稍收圓,但不向前突出,發音短促。 8,/u:/ 例詞:do you tooth choose rule 發音要領:發音時,舌身后縮,舌后部盡量抬起:口型較小,較圓,更突出。發音延長。 9,/ u / 例詞:book good put wood push 發音要領:發音時,舌身后縮,舌后部抬起;口型收圓,稍微突出,比/u:/的口型稍放松,發音短促。 Dialogue: A:Where do you live, Mark? B: I live in the Fifth Street near the National Park. A:The National Park? Is it a large park? B:Oh, yes. It’s the largest park in the Canada. A: By the way, is there a supermarket near your place? B:Oh, yes. There’s a very large supermarket near my home. It’s also the largest in Canada. 1.The farm is far from the park. 2.Please park the car in the car park. 3.It’s very hard to start the car. 4.It will do a lot of harm to the heart. Dialogues: A: Can we have a dinner before you leave for the north? B:Thanks. But we have more things to do before leaving A:What if you run into a storm in the sea? B:We’ll wait till the storm is over. A:Have you ever been in a storm before? B:Yes. We ran into a storm last fall. 1.I was bored to death by the boring job in the shop 2.When the storm was coming, the ship had to call at a port 3.The general manager’s office is on the fourth floor at the end of the corridor. Dialogues: A:Shall we go swimming, Mary? B:I’m not in the mood A:What’s the matter? B: My daughter is trying to stay away from school. A:That’s why you are singing the blues. B:Anyway, I’ll have to work things out and put her back to school. 1.The news is too good to be true. 2.This is a once in blue moon chance 3.You must pull out the decayed tooth. 4.He bought some fruit for the group. Dialogues: A: May I have a look at the book? B: Which book? A:The book Jack gave you last week. B:You mean the book on woodcarving? A:Yes. I think it’s a very nice book. B:But what do you want it for? A: Not me. My husband wants it. He ‘s big on woodcarving. 第三節 中元音 10, /ʌ/ 例詞:up but dose just rough 發音要領:舌身后縮至口腔中部,舌后部稍抬起:雙唇較扁,開口較大,發音短促。 11, /ə:/ 例詞:sir her third worth early 發音要領:發音時,舌位抬高,舌身放平,口型微張,雙唇扁平,雙唇肌肉較緊張,發音時間較長。 12, /ə/ 例詞:about again teacher paper river 發音要領:發音時,舌身放平,舌中部稍抬起;口型微開,雙唇扁平,雙唇肌肉較放松。/ ə /在詞首或詞中發的較模糊,在詞尾時應適當延長。 Dialogue: A:Look at this guy. He seems to have too strong lust for bucks. B:But you can’t go without money. A:And one can’t have bucks and love at the same time. B:But few girls would love a man without bucks. A:And few girls would love a man who only has bucks. B:well…er… A:Trust me. Love built on money is not true love. Dialogues: A:Who are these two girls, Mark? B:I don’t know. But one seems to be older than the other. A:Sure. The one on the right is certainly older than the one on the left. B:What is the girl on the left wearing? A:She ‘s wearing a mini-skirt B:Where are they? A:They are in the church. Dialogue A:What’s the name of this magazine? B:It’s the famous Time magazine. A:The Time magazine? What is it called in Chinese? B:It’s 時代周刊 in Chinese. A:Can people in China have access to the magazine? B:Yes,they can. 13./ei/ 例詞:eight day face gate pay 發音要領:發音由/e/向/i/自然滑動,滑動過程中,口型由半開到半合,舌位隨之抬高。 A:Hey, Rachel. Did you take the test? B:No, I couldn’t make it. A:How come you couldn’t make it? B:I went to see a Broadway Play. A:What a shame! When will you take the makeup test? B:Maybe in April or May A:Mrs. Taylor is a good dressmaker, isn’t she? B:Yes. The new dress she made is great. A:Maybe I need her to make one for me. B:Wait a minute, Jane. It’s time to bake the bread. 14./əu/ 例詞:old so show note cold 發音要領:發音時,由/ə/向/u/自然滑動,滑動過程中,口型逐漸由半開到小而圓,舌位由半低到高。 A:I’m going to the grocery store. Would you like to go with me? B:Sorry. I have to write a letter. A:Anything I can do for you? B:Can you get some tomatoes for me? A:OK. How many do you want? B:One kilo. Thanks. 15./ ai/ 例詞: eye tie ride knife arrive 發音要領:發音時,由/ a /向/i/自然滑動,滑動過程中,口型從開到合,發此音時,注意將音發足。 All day long the sun shines bright, The moon and stars come out at night. From twilight time they line the skies. And watch the world with quiet eyes. 16./ au/ 例詞:out how about cloud shout 發音要領:發音時,由/ a /向/ u /自然滑動,滑動過程中,雙唇收攏收圓:口型由大到小,舌位由低到高,注意聲音發足。 A:I need someone to help me with the housework B:What do you want him to do? A:Well. Milk the cow, kill the mouse, wash the towel and clean the house. B:How could you find the one that could do these things well? A: That’s what I am worried about. 17./ כ i/ 例詞:boy joy join enjoy spoil 發音要領:發音時,由/ כ /向/i/自然滑動,但不到/i/時,舌位就停止。滑動的過程中,雙唇逐漸由圓變扁,口型由大變小。 A:I want to buy a toy for Roy. B:For Roy? You want to buy him another toy? A:Why not? He enjoys playing with toys. B:He enjoys destroying toys, too. You’d better not spoil him. A:We are going out tomorrow. Will you and your friends join us? B:That’s a good idea, but I have an appointment . A:I guess you are going to a joint adventure for a job interview. B:That’s right. I don’t think I will miss the chance. 18./iə/ 例詞:ear fear here clear near 發音要領:發音時,由/i/向/ə/自然滑動,滑動過程中,/i/發音較清楚,/ə/發音較模糊,雙唇始終半開。 A: Would you like to have anything to drink? B:Yes.I’d love to have some beer. A:How do you like it, iced or without ice? B:Without ice. I don’t want to have the taste spoiled. A:Here you are. B:Thanks. Oh, it’s very good beer. A:I’m glad you like it. By the way, what’s your plan for the summer holiday? B: I’ve no idea. Maybe I’ll be going surfing with Jack. A:What about going surfing together? B:That’s a good idea. 19./eə/ 例詞:air care hair share parent 發音要領:發音時,由/e/向/ə/自然滑動。第一個成分/e/有似于/ei/,但開口比/ei/大。滑動過程中,開口程度稍稍收小。 A: Where will the trade fair be held, Jack? B: The trade fair will be held in the Town Hall. A: Why don’t you go there for your pears? B:I don’t think we can sell the pears at such a trade fair. A:Do you know that Mike has been meddling with your business? B:Yes, I do. But I don’t care what he has been doing. He won’t harm us a hair. A:Does your boss know that? B:Yes, he does. But Mike didn’t seem to get in his hair. 20./uə/ 例詞:poor tour sure rural Europe 發音要領:發音時,由/u/向/ə/自然滑動,滑動過程中,口型由收圓變為半開。 A: It’s a pity that there are fewer and fewer well-preserved old structures. B:Yes. And I’m sure they will totally disappear in a few years’ time. A: But tourists are not interested in the high-rise modern blocks. B: The trouble is that people cannot see that point. 第一節 爆破音 1, /p/ 、 /b/ 例詞:pit pay open happy proper Bit blue baby bike better 發音要領:發音時,雙唇緊閉,氣流突然沖開雙唇,沖出口腔。/ p/是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/b /是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 2./t/、/d/ 例詞:too take tie touch right Do dirt card tired would 發音要領:發音時,舌尖緊抵上齒齦,形成阻礙,然后突然張開,氣流沖出口腔。 / t/ 是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/d/是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 3./k/、/g/ 例詞:kick book bike dock keep Gate get egg ghost girl 發音要領:發音時,舌后部抬起,緊貼軟顎,形成阻礙,氣流沖開阻礙后,沖出口腔。 /k/ 是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/g/是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 A:Peter, would you like to have a meat pie? B:No, thanks. Please pour some water into the pot.I’m thirsty. A: I love you, Miss Brown. B:Sorry, Mr Black. But I love Paul. A: Miss Brown , but Paul won’t be a good husband B:Maybe not. Will you be a good husband, Mr Black? A: You bet, Miss Brown. B:But this is just your own opinion. Tongue twister: This is a hat, that is a cap This is a cat, that is a rat. The cat is in the hat, the rat is in the cap 語音小知識: -ed 在/t/、/d/結尾的動詞后發/id/ He mended the radio for me They boarded the plane on time She wanted to see the film Paul admitted he made a mistake. 2.如果詞中有三個輔音相連,中間的/t/、/d/通常弱化甚至脫落 Exactly, mostly, handbag, dustman, landlord 3.如果前面的詞以/t/或/d/結尾,而后面有輔音開頭,/t/h和/d/很容易脫落 Next week, first sight, last night, bend back, old man, world wide. -ed在清輔音結尾的動詞后發/t/ We walked for a long time She stopped and have a look I reached school at 8. I missed my mother a lot. 第二節摩擦音 1,/f/ & /v/ 例詞:fly far wife off laugh Very village live over save 發音要領:發音時,下唇輕觸上齒 ,氣流由唇齒間的縫隙通過,摩擦成音。 /f/是清輔音,聲帶不振動;/v/是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 2./θ/& /ð/ 例詞:think thank thief mouth teeth This those then that 發音要領:發音時,舌尖輕觸上齒背部,氣流從舌齒間的縫隙送出。 / θ /是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/ ð /是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 3./s/&/z/ 例詞:so sir pencil piece dress Zoo zone zero user close 發音要領:發音時,舌端靠近上齒齦,氣流從舌端 和齒齦間通過,形成摩擦音。 /s/是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/z/是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 4./ ʃ/&/ ʒ/ 例詞:she sheep wish sure shy Pleasure vision division decision leisure 發音要領:發音時,舌身抬起,靠近硬顎,舌端抬向上齒齦,形成狹長的通道,氣流由此通過。雙唇稍微收攏,并略突出。 / ʃ /是清輔音,聲帶不振動,/ ʒ /是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 5./h/ 例詞:he her how who ahead 發音要領:發音時,口張大,在通過聲門時,發出輕微的摩擦。氣流經過口腔時,不受阻礙。 /h/是清輔音,聲帶不振動。 6./r/ 例詞:run right cry bread red 發音要領:發音時,舌尖卷起,抬向上齒齦后部,但不發生摩擦,舌兩側稍收攏。口型略突出,氣流通過時,發生輕微的摩擦。 /r/ 是濁輔音,聲帶振動。 A:What can I do for you? B:I’m looking for a pair of earings. A:Well, here they are. The latest style. B:How beautiful! I’ve never seen anything like them. A:Well, you can have them for eleven pounds. B:I think five is enough. A:What? Five pounds? B:Well, seven pounds,then. A:Could you pass me that book, Catherine? B: Oh, you mean this one ,father? A: No, not that one, the other one. Yes, that’s it. B:There you are, father. Is that all? A: Yes, that’s all for the moment. Thank you, Catherinr. A:He has lots of hobbies. B: And he said he’s always busy with his paintings and photographs A: He’s won a dozen prizes for his paintings and photographs. B: But as for his restaurant in the town… A:He lets his cousin look after his restaurant. B: He sounds more like an artist than a businessman. A: Sir, this will suit you. It’s in a very fashionable shade. B:But I just need a simple shirt. A: This one, perhaps. It’s got some special sewing on the sleeve. B:Can’t you show me a simple shirt in a ordinary shade? A: Why not try it on, sir? B:Perhaps I should try the next shop. A: That gives us a lot pleasure. B: What do you mean? A: Well, the lost national treasures have come back. B:I heard of that, The national treasures were stolen. A: The detective cracked the criminal case and returned the national treasures. B:It seems that measures must be taken to protect the national treasures. A: Carol, it was wrong of you to get your mother worried B: I’m so sorry I’m late. But Henry’s car broke down. A: You shouldn’t go out with Henry. B:But I do love Henry. And I’m going to marry him. A: Really, Carol, it’s a horrible decision. 第三節 破擦音 1. /t ʃ/&/ d ʒ / 例詞:child check reach teach catch Job page June just judge 發音要領:舌尖舌端抬高,貼住上齒齦后部,形成阻礙。氣流沖出阻礙摩擦成音。口型略突出,稍微成方型。第三節 破擦音 1. /t ʃ/&/ d ʒ / 例詞:child check reach teach catch Job page June just judge 發音要領:舌尖舌端抬高,貼住上齒齦后部,形成阻礙。氣流沖出阻礙摩擦成音。口型略突出,稍微成方型。 2./tr/&/dr/ 例詞:try tree trick true track Dry dream dread drop drive 發音要領:舌身與/r/相似,舌尖向上卷起,并抵住上齒齦后部,氣流沖出舌尖和齒齦之間的阻礙。雙唇收攏,稍向前突出。 3./ts/&/dz/ 例詞:pets coats gets points wants Roads aids reads seeds lands 發音要領:舌端貼住上齒齦,形成阻礙,氣流沖破阻礙,口型扁平。 A:We’ll have a pleasant journey, I guess. B:Oh, it’s going to be a challenge. Having a journey by jet A:Take it easy. Just get some rest, John. B:Actually, I’m a little excited. I’ ve never taken a jumbo jet. 1. Great changes have taken place in China 2.Jenny had chicken and French fries for lunch 3.Jim urged uncle John to buy a digital watch. 4.Jane enjoyed sandwiches very much . A:How are you, Jane? B:Not bad, thanks. A:How about your children? B:They’re doing fine. These are their pictures. A:How cute they are! Which one is the oldest child? B:Oh, he is. He is Charles. A:And what an angelic child! Who is that? B:Well, that’s the youngest child. It’s Jim. A:What can I do for you? B:Well, I’ll join a make-up party, so I want my hair strangely. A:No problem. The hairdresser is coming, But your hair is very dry, let’s have a try to… B:No ,thanks, I just want to dress my hairstyle at once. A:It’s too dreadful that so many people are crowding the train. B:Yes. And the traffic is too bad A:My clothes are creased badly B:But why not dress yourself casually? A:Do you like keeping pets? B:Yes, I have two cats and one of them will have several kids next week. A:In that case, you’ll have another several new cats. B:Yes. There might be three or four. A: I would like to have one of your new cats B: No problem. A:Oh, I must prepare some pet’s things B:Well, I’ll make a list for you. 第四節 鼻音 1,/ / 例詞:me my come tomorrow farm 發音要領:發音時,雙唇緊閉,軟顎下垂,氣流從鼻腔送出,在詞尾時,略需延長,以防止吞音。 2, // 例詞:need name know skin nice 發音要領:發音時,舌尖緊貼上齒齦,軟顎下垂,形成阻礙,氣流由鼻腔送出,在詞尾時,稍需延長,以防吞音。 3, // 例詞:bank song singing long English 發音要領:發音時,軟顎下垂,舌后部向軟顎抬起,堵住口腔通道,氣流從鼻腔送出。詞未時,發音清晰有力,稍微延長。第五節 舌邊音 / / / / 在元音前時,發音清晰,舌端 抵上齒齦,氣流從舌的一側或兩側泄出。例詞:late like long low close / / 在輔音前或詞末時,發音含糊。舌端也抵上齒齦,但是與清晰音相比,舌前部較低,舌后部較高,發音略長。例詞:all sell pull little girl 第六節半元音 1, // 例詞:we week want where would 發音要領:發音時,舌后部向軟顎抬起,舌位較高。口型收圓并稍向前突出,發音短促,一經發出,立刻向后面的元音滑動,起輔音的作用。 2,// 例詞:yes you young yet year 發音要領:發音時,舌前部盡量向硬顎抬起,雙唇平展,口微開,舌面和硬顎稍有摩擦,該半元音一經發出,立刻向后面的元音滑動,起輔音的作用。英語最新“國際音標”發音講解到此結束,望同學們課后認真練習,掌握發音規律,學好英語學科!

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《英語音標課件ppt》是由用戶huangyixuan于2019-11-02上傳,屬于英語課件PPT。

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