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動詞的分類 1,動詞+賓語 I like English very much. 2,動詞+賓語+賓補 We call the bird Polly (n.). 1)動詞+賓語+名詞(n)(賓補) choose, consider, elect, make, name we chose him our monitor 2)動詞+賓語+不定式(to do) (賓補) advise   allow    cause  enable encourage find    forbid   force      wish  invite   order   permit   persuade remind   tell     warn expect   wish 3)動詞+賓語+省略to 的不定式(賓補)一些動詞要掌握,have, let和make, 此三動詞是使役,“注意”“觀察”“聽到”see,還有feel和watch,使用它們要仔細,后接“賓補”略去“to”,此點千萬要牢記 一感feel, 二聽hear, listen to, 三讓have, let, make, 四看see, look at, observe, watch 4)動詞+adj (做補語) colour, keep, find,get,leave,make,paint,cut Please colour it red. I find it interesting. 5)動詞加現在分詞做補語 get / leave / keep / set / catch / have sb. doing; see / find / watch / feel / hear / listen to / discover sb. doing 如:他讓我等了整整一上午 。 He kept me waiting the whole morning. 6)動詞加過去分詞(補語)過去分詞作賓補時,常見的詞有 have ,get, make have sth done 我理發了。 I have had my hair cut. 我讓別人明白了。 I made myself heard. I made myself hear that song. 3.動詞+間接賓語+直接賓語 bring, hand, lend , mail ,offer ,owe ,pass , post ,read, return , send ,sell ,show , take ,teach ,tell , throw ,write book ,buy, choose cook, draw ,fetch find ,fix ,get make, order ,pick prepare save sing spare steal 不及物動詞 1.沒有被動形式的詞 happen,occur,rise,lie,die 既作及物又有不及物動詞的詞他跑的快。 He runs fast. 他經營一家工廠。 He runs a factory. study,fly,run, change 二、動詞考察點分項說明: 2、動詞的過去式及過去分詞的構成 ① 規則動詞的變化: 規則動詞的過去式和過去分詞的構成方法是相同的。三、掌握系動詞be, look, feel, smell, get, become, turn, keep等的基本用法; 常見的連系動詞有:become, turn, get, grow, keep, feel, look, seem, smell, fall等。它們后面常接形容詞,構成系表結構。  Please keep the classroom clean. 請保持教室的干凈。  The bread looks very fresh. 這些面包看上去很新鮮。狀態變化系動詞四、掌握助動詞be, do, have, shall, will的基本用法; 助動詞是“輔助性”動詞,一般沒有詞義,不能單獨作謂語,但可用來幫助構成謂語,表示不同的時態,語態,和數的變化。  常見的助動詞有:(1)be (am, is, are, was, were, being, been) 與現在分詞結合,構成各種進行時態;或與過去分詞結合構成被動語態。 I’m looking for my pen. 我正在找我的筆。(現在進行時)   These cups are made in China. 這些杯子是中國制造的。(被動語態)(2)have (has, had, having)與過去分詞結合,構成完成時。 They have known each other for twenty years.   他們互相認識有二十年了。(現在完成時)  He had built a chemistry lab for himself at the age of ten.  他十歲時就已經為自己建了一個化學實驗室。(過去完成時) (3) 助動詞do (does, did) 后只能跟動詞原形,與not及其他動詞結合構成否定句,或置于主語之前構成疑問句。  He does not speak English.他不說英語。  When did he come back? 他什么時候回來的?(4)will (would), shall (should): will能用于一般將來時的任何人稱后;would是will的過去時,能用于過去將來時;兩者后面都接動詞原形。  The plane will arrive in ten minutes. 飛機十分中后將要到達。  I was sure we would win.我確信用我們會贏。 shall與should這兩個助動詞本身沒有詞義,shall只能用于一般將來時的第一人稱后;should是shall的過 去時,只能用于過去將來時的第一人稱后;兩者后面都接動詞原形。 We shall meet at the school gate tomorrow. 我們明天將在校門口見。 I told them that I should do the work alone. 我告訴他們我將獨自做那項工作。(五)掌握情態動詞can, must, need, may等基本句型結構及主要用法一、連系動詞類 ①變化類:become, get, turn, grow, make, come, go, fall go bad / hungry / mad / wrong fall (fell-fallen) ill / asleep ※feel (felt-felt) sick / sleepy ②感觀類:look, sound, feel, taste, smell His voice sounds ________. A.well B.beautifully C.excellent D.wonderfully ③顯得類:seem, appear, look It looks It seems that… It appears that… ④狀態類:keep, stay, remain ★ prove, turn out 1.The weather will_____hot for another two weeks. A.last B.remain C.get D.turn 2.The hot weather will ____another two days. A.last B.remain C.get D.turn The weather turned out (to be)fine. He proved (to be) honest / an honest person. 注:be, become, turn, remain 可帶名詞 He remains a teacher. =He is still a teacher. 1.He became _____ teacher. A.a B.the C.an D./ 二、使役、感觀動詞類: let(不用于被動), make, have see, look at, watch, notice, observe, hear listen to, feel 1.The boss made them _____12 hours a day. A.work B.to work C.worked D.working 2.They were made_______12 hours a day. A.work B.to work C.worked D.working 三、主動表被動類: (well,poorly,easily) sell, wash, burn, cook, cut, drive, dress, play, last, open, write, start, run, read, operate, break, measure, weigh 1.Dry wood burns easily. 2.The cloth washes well. 3.The man always dresses well / poorly. 4.Your composition reads well except for a few spelling mistakes. 5.----Have you got a ticket for the concert? ----No, the tickets______well and they _______out last week. A.sell;were sold B.sell;sold C.sell;have been sold D.are sell;sold 6.Don’t get that ink on your white shirt,for it______. A.won’t wash out B.doesn’t wash away C.isn’t washing out D.hasn’t washed away 7.They tried to get the car_______,but it won’t______. A.started;start B.to start;start C.started;started D.to start;to start 四、只接動名詞做賓語的詞/詞組 mind, risk, avoid, enjoy, miss, keep, suggest, appreciate, practice, delay, finish, dislike, excuse, imagine, consider, forbid, escape admit, advise, allow, put off, give up, be worth, be busy devote…to, look forward to, be used to, lead to, succeed in, spend/waste time (in) have a good/hard time (in) have difficulty /trouble (in) there is no use(in) 1.She looked forward every spring to_____ the flower-lined garden. A.visit B.paying a visit C.walk in D.walking in 2.I would appreciate______back this afternoon. A.you to call B.you call C.your calling D.you’re calling 3.The day he has looked forward to______ at last. A.coming B.came C.come D.comes 口訣:喜歡、考慮不可免(enjoy, consider, escape, avoid) 停止,放棄太冒險(stop, give up , risk) 反對想象莫推延(mind,imagine, delay, put off) 要求完成是期望(require, finish, look forward to.) 建議繼續勤操練(suggest, go on, practice) 不禁原諒要堅持(can’t help, excuse , insist on) 繼續注意使成功(keep on, mind, succeed in) 五、只接不定式作賓語的詞/詞組 decide, expect, hope, wish, order, refuse, promise, pretend, agree, seem, attempt, fail, offer, happen, warn, afford make up one’s mind to, be determined to used to, be about to, be able to, have to would like/love to=should like/love to 1.I would love______to the party last night. A.to go B.to have gone C.going D.having gone 2.Mr Smith warned her son______after drinking. A.never to drive B.to never drive C.never driving D.never drive 3.She pretended_____me when I passed by. A.not to see B.not seeing C.to not see D.having not seen 六、賓語不同、意義不同 1) go on to do / go on doing 2) stop to do / stop doing 3) remember to do / remember doing 4) forget to do / forget doing 5) mean to do / mean doing 6) regret to do / regret doing 7) try to do / try doing 8) can’t help (to) do / can’t help doing ★can’t help but do=can’t but do =have to do I can’t help but tell him the truth. 1.---I usually go there by train. ---Why not______by boat for a change? A.to try going B.trying to go C.to try and go D.try going 2.---The light in the office is still on. ---Oh,I forgot_______. A.turning it off B.turn it off C.to turn it off D.having turned it off 七、接動名詞、不定式意義區別不大 begin , start, continue, like, love, hate prefer It began raining. It is beginning to rain. I prefer staying home to going out. I prefer to stay home rather than go out. Tired as he was,he continued to work. =Though he was very tired,he continued working. He likes playing football,but he doesn’t like to play football today. 八、賓語不同、但 意義相同 need, require, want, deserve The room requires to be cleaned. =The room requires cleaning. 1.This sentence needs_________. A.an improvement B.improve C.improving D.improved 2.The baby needs________. A.looked after B.looking after C.look after D.to look after 九、接賓語和賓補、形式不同 allow, permit, forbid, advise, admit consider We forbid smoking here. We forbid anybody to smoke here. You are forbidden to smoke here. 十、接虛擬語氣的詞 1)insist 2)order, command 4)advise, suggest, propose , recommend 4)demand, ask, require, request 1.He ordered that we (should)leave at once. 2.His order that we (should) leave at once was right. 3.He insisted that his brother_____ there. A.go B.went C.going D.to go 4.He insisted that he______ nothing wrong and ______ set free. A.do;be B.had done;was C.had done;be D.did; was 5.His voice suggested that he______angry. A.is B.be C.was D.were 6.He suggested that the boy _____ sent to hospital at once. A.was B.be C.is D.were 十一、瞬間非延續性動詞 go, come, leave, start, return, arrive, stop, finish, borrow, lend, open,close, die, become, break, join, kill, marry, graduate,buy marry--be married seat--be seated hide--be hidden engage--be engaged die--be dead begin--be on join--be in borrow--keep come--be/stay leave--be away buy--have=have got 1.He died ten years ago,that’s to say,he has _____ for ten years. A.been died B.been dead C.died D.been dying 2.When Jack arrived he learned Mary ____for almost an hour. A.had gone B.had set off C.had left D.had been away






  • 英語動詞的分類ppt
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